Ross 128

Ross 128 is a small star in the equatorial zodiac constellation of Virgo, the virgin. The apparent magnitude of Ross 128 is 11.13, which is much too faint to be seen with the naked eye from Earth.Measurements show the distance of this star from Earth is 10.89 light-years (3.34 parsecs), making it the twelfth closest star to the Solar System.

This low mass star has a stellar classification of M4 V, which places it among a category of stars known as red dwarfs. It has 15% of the mass of the Sun and 21% of the Sun’s radius, but generates energy so slowly that it has only 0.036% of the Sun’s visible luminosity. However, most of the energy being radiated by the star is in the infrared band, with the bolometric luminosity being equal to 0.35% of solar. This energy is being radiated from the star’s outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 3,180 K. This gives it the cool orange-red glow of an M-type star.

Ross 128 is an old disk star, which means it has a low abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium, what astronomers term the star’s metallicity, and it orbits near the plane of the Milky Way galaxy. It is classified as an active flare star since it can undergo unpredictable and dramatic increases in luminosity for a period of several minutes. Because of the low rate of flare activity, it is thought to be a magnetically evolved star. That is, there is some evidence that the magnetic braking of the star’s stellar wind has lowered the frequency of flares, but not the net yield.

No brown dwarf companions have been discovered and the star also lacks a dust ring in orbit around the star. In fact no planets and only a handful of rocks even orbit this star. Ross 128 is orbiting through the Milky Way with an orbital eccentricity of 0.122, causing its distance from the Galactic Center to range between 26.8–34.2 kly (8.2–10.5 kpc). This orbit will bring the star closer to the Solar System in the future. The nearest approach will occur in about 71,000 years, when it will come within 6.233 ± 0.085 ly (1.911 ± 0.026 pc).

Ross 128

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